Effects of Resettlement Policy on Slum Dweller's Livelihood Outcomes In Bandung City, Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1431/T/2017 SAN
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Hiroshima University
Pengarang SANIA, Rika -
Subyek Haryo Winarso, Ir., M.Eng., Ph.D., Prof
Deskripsi The resettlement project in Bandung City in moving slum settlements to low-cost rented public housing started in 2015 and was a response to improve the dwellings quality and land status uncertainty of the slums and squatter’s dwellers. Two years later, this quantitative experimental design study employs to investigate the livelihood adaptation of the resettled community’s post-policy intervention, as well as the respondent’s subjective evaluation on the resettlement satisfaction. This study would also like to explore the relationship between housing infrastructure improvement and urban proximities accessibility toward their intention to stay in the new resettled public housing. The 5-point Likert Scale were used to establish the satisfaction levels and intention to stay, and on several explanatory variables, such as their views on government assistance, resettlement process time, and their self-engagement on the process itself. Analysis was done using paired sample statistics (repeated-measures statistical test) to confirm the changes in the slum dwellers livelihood by comparing means on the before-after intervention policy period and comparing the outcomes of income, expenditure on several categories and distance to work with the situation to the control group. Meanwhile, Structural Equation Modeling using the AMOS Software is utilized to confirm the relationships between resettlement process and resettlement satisfaction, and physical improvement on intention to stay. The results show and confirm that the livelihood outcomes of the income post-resettlement exhibit income deterioration. This result is understandable as several respondents lost their main occupation after resettlement as well as additional income through home-scale business and services. The resettlement to a new settlement also increases their distance to work, from an average of 2.277 km to twice further at a mean of 4.93 km. The accessibility of their low-cost public housing and public engagement on the resettlement process is imperative thereby influencing the level of resident’s resettlement satisfaction. The results of Structural Equation Modeling show that the most significant aspect that influence resettlement satisfaction is the difficulty in accessibility (weighted -0.27) of the resettlement location and the public engagement (weighted 0.39). This finding indicates that the higher the perceived accessibility to urban amenities the public housing location is, the more likely their resettlement satisfaction will be high. The intention to stay in resettled public housing are more influenced by the housing services factor, especially the improvement on waste infrastructure. The SEM analysis also showed that Intention to Stay was strongly affected by the housing infrastructure services improvement satisfaction.
Conflict Resolution Over Coastal Resources: A Case Study of Mining, Fisheries, and Tourism in Bangka Belitung Province, Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1430/T/2017 ELI
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang ELIANI, Zelly -
Subyek Arief Rosyidie, Drs., MSP., M.Arch., Ph.D., Prof
Deskripsi The diversity and intensity of human activities in coastal area is increasing worldwide. It is caused by the characteristics of coastal area that encourages people to utilize and explore it. Some of the characteristics are rich of natural resource s, but vulnerable, and the access is open to everyone. Due to that, coastal area has many to offer and multiple users occupy the area. Therefore, environmental degradation and conflicts over coastal natural resources are inevitably. The similar issue is also happening in Bangka Belitung. The nature of archipelago province of Bangka Belitung makes it rich with coastal resources, such as mineral resources, capture and aquaculture fisheries, and beautiful scenery of coastal area. However, utilization of those resources is incompatible with each other and caused conflict among users. This study is aimed to shed a light on the situation of actual conflict in coastal areas, to review the practiced resolutions, and to propose alternative resolution. This research employs qualitative methods. Data are collected through literature survey, observation, and interview with stakeholders from government institutions, non-government organization, academics, and local community (consists of fishermen, tourism agencies, and small scale sea tin miners). To analyse data and information, several analysis are conducted, namely conflict mapping analysis, comparative analysis, and content analysis. Based on conflict mapping analysis, the result reveals the conflict in Bangka Belitung coastal area is complex. Not only involving multiple users, it also includes non-users which is environmental organization. In addition, there is pro and cons group among fishermen regarding sea tin mining. Three approaches practiced are compared, which are the formulation of Ad hoc committee (one of the goal is formulating zoning regulation for coastal areas), the formal/informal fishermen forum, and compensation. All solution has advantage and drawback, and could not fully solved the conflict. After doing content analysis on some success solution for resource use conflict, it can be summed up that those practiced solution are lack of integrating. So, the proposed resolution is the integrating all those methods into one conflict management process. Conflict management consists of four blocks, which are conflict analysis (office-based and participatory), conflict management plan, capacity building, and implementation. This resolution approach is recommended because it encouraged community participation and capacity building during the formulation of the plan for conflict resolution. Therefore, policy recommendation can be made after accomplishing this process which consider all stakeholder interests. Besides that, the lack of land use policy on coastal area which is regarded as one limitation for conflict resolution can be overcame by the enactment of Marine Spatial Plan. So, it can give clear delineation among mining, fisheries, and tourism sectors in Bangka Belitung. With integrating approach and adequate policies, like Marine Spatial Plan, it is hoped that conflict over coastal resources is resolved and sustainable coastal development can be achieved.
Optimal Scale for Water Supply Production System in Bandung Metropolitan Area
Sub Judul
Call Number 1429/T/2017 HAF
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang HAFSARI, Afifah Kemala -
Subyek Sri Maryati, ST., MIP., Dr
Deskripsi The government of Indonesia has committed to provide 100 percent safe access to drinking water in 2019. One of the strategies to accelerate the achievement of this target is by constructing new water supply system, especially regional water supply system. A new regional water supply system will be built in Bandung Metropolitan Area, one of the most strategic places in Indonesia that functioned to increase country’s economic development. Generally, the cost for constructing new water supply system will be high, while the scale and service level of water supply system is still low, resulting inefficiency in water supply system. Based on economical theory, efficiency can be obtained if the production reaches its optimal scale. Optimal scale can be identified if there is a proof of the existence of economies of scale. For infrastructure with high capital cost like water supply system usually economies of scale exist. If economies of scale exist, the unit cost of infrastructure will decrease with the increase of production output until it reaches lowest point of unit cost which called optimal point. This study will identify the optimal scale of water supply production system in Bandung Metropolitan Area by using cost function approach. First, data from 77 water treatment plants from 3 water utilities in Bandung Metropolitan Area is collected. The data consist of water quantity or production volume, factor of input prices like raw water retribution, chemical cost, energy cost, land rent cost, wage, operation and maintenance cost, and depreciation cost, and technological factor. The technological factor will be extended into environmental factor which are water quality and topography. Water quality will be expressed by the water sources (surface water, spring, and well) while topography will be expressed by transmission system (gravitation and pumping system). After that, cost function is estimated using linear and translog form by performing multiple regression analysis. Analysis result shows that using graph between production volume and unit cost, the economies of scale does exist in water supply production system in Bandung Metropolitan Area. The optimal scale then is obtained from the first order differentiation of translog cost function. From calculation, the optimal scale for water supply production system in Bandung Metropolitan Area for surface water is 15,881,537 m3/year, for spring is 7,603,529 m3/year, and for well is 10,293,718 m3/year. Meanwhile the average optimal scale is 11,259,595 m3/year. Based on this result, the condition of existing water supply production system in Bandung Metropolitan Area can be identified. 10 percent of deviation from optimal scale is assumed to identify the condition of water treatment plants. 98 percent of the water treatment plants are not optimal and need to be improved. Compared to the new regional water supply system in Bandung Metropolitan Area, the design capacity has much more exceed the optimal scale; therefore it is considered to be not optimal. Splitting the production system of this new regional water system will be highly recommended to reach optimal scale.
Projection of Food Agricultural Land Sustainability (LPPB) Using GIS In Majalengka Regency Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1428/T/2017 KUS
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang KUSUMAWARDHANI, Hastari -
Subyek Djoko Santoso Abi Suroso, Ir.,MSc., Ph.D
Deskripsi The growth of urban population and development of infrastructure have contributed to decrease agricultural land. This reduction gradually impacts on the amount of food production and food security. In order to protect agricultural land, Indonesian Government sets up Law No. 41 year 2009 about Protection of Food Agricultural Land Sustainability (PLPPB), however it needs to be improved. The objectives of this study are to analyze agricultural suitability, to estimate the number of paddy field area required, and to project LPPB area. Geospatial datasets from Regional Development and Planning Board of Majalengka Regency provide the context to apply GIS method for suitability analysis. Other secondary data involve the trend of population number, rice consumption per capita, paddy production, and productivity were used to calculate the number of paddy field area required. Finally, descriptive analysis was used to project LPPB area based on agricultural land suitability, type of irrigation system, the potency of underground water, the number of cropping intensity, and rate of agricultural land conversion. Indicators in agricultural land suitability analysis, including land use, slope, elevation, soil type, soil depth, and road access. The resulting map of agricultural land suitability is classified into four categories, namely highly suitable (S1), moderately suitable (S2), marginally suitable (S3), and currently not suitable (N1). The result shows the majority class of agricultural land in Majalengka Regency is moderately suitable which attaining 56944.24 Ha. Furthermore, the number of paddy field area required to fulfil 1,280,359 as the estimated population number in 2035 are 19187 Ha for scenario I; 17251 Ha for scenario II; 14070 Ha for scenario III. Projection of potential LPPB area in Majalengka Regency is considering to physical, environmental, and socio-economic aspect shows 46100.11 Ha are proposed for LPPB area. One of twenty-six sub-districts does not categorized as LPPB area. Moreover, identification of potential LPPB area suggest three strategies. The first strategy is law enforcement in the spatial planning, including punishment can be applied if the conversion occurs in the LPPB area in the absence of legislation. The second strategyis improvement in agricultural sectors including developing irrigation and water catchment infrastructure, applying harvest and post-harvest technology, and conducting socialization to farmers. The third strategy is strengthening in the financial V sectors, such as giving fertilizer subsidies, redeveloping the cooperative’s role, and agricultural land banking by county.
Landscape Ecological Approaches on Conflicts Between Sumatran Tiger and Human Communities in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatera, Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1427/T/2017 PRA
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Hiroshima University
Pengarang PRATIWI, Dian Indah -
Subyek Arief Rosyidie, Drs., MSP., M.Arch., Ph.D., Prof
Deskripsi In the present and human dominated era, Sumatran tiger conservation has been facing a lot of pressures both from natural environmental degradation and human originated influence. The emergence of multipurpose landscapes as the replacement of Sumatran tiger corridor in the surrounding of protected areas lead to conflict between Sumatran tiger and local communities. The debate on which to protect lead to the failure of wildlife conservation management became further wonders the coexistence between wildlife and human communities. This study scrutinized the spatial characteristics on conflict between Sumatran tiger and human communities as well as mapping a risk conflict risk site based on landscape ecology approaches and encompassing social and ecological system (SES) framework in Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP), Indonesia as one of the last Sumatran tiger sanctuary in the world. To do this, data on conflict between Sumatran tiger and people who live in near KSNP was investigated together with other supporting data such as, land use land cover map, social and economy, and published literatures. Three main steps which were conducted within this study including land use and land cover classification for year 2005 as the starting year of observation, analyzing location pattern characteristic of conflict between Sumatran tiger and local human communities, and last one was building social ecological system risk map of the study area. The results showed that in 2005, most of the area covers by forest land. Surrounding areas, however was an unneglectable mount of agroforest land. Most of the conflicts then emerged in the mixed use landscapes including agroforest areas. Four different conflict locations characteristic were modelled in order to give better understanding of the conflict locations. The first location is the place where roadway is located near the forest border. In this case settlement areas are located both near the forest and along the roadway. Secondly, where the road is crossing the national park and causes fragmented forest land, settlement areas are stripped along the road which just in the adjacent area of the forest. Conflict between Sumatran tiger and human communities occurred frequently in these two type locations. On the contrary, the place where the road is far from the forest, settlement areas located near the forest or temporary settlement appears and the permanent settlement is located near the roadway. Conflict were less frequent in these areas.By risk mapping analysis, total 8 SES regions were set up based on the distribution of Sumatran tiger, socio-cultural characteristics, and landscape characteristics. The threshold area in these regions is 10 km radius from KSNP areas. This based on previous analysis which indicated that most of conflict occurred near KSNP in the distance less than 10 km from the forest. The result of this analysis showed that each SES region has its own strength for managing human-tiger conflict. Overall results through this study emphasized on the specific location characteristic of conflict between Sumatran tiger and human communities. Easy generalization of forest planning and management would not be appropriate for managing this kind of conflict, rather it is an urgent need to employ different scenario over social and spatial scales.
Sustainability and Resilience Assessment of Urban Energy System Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1426/T/2017 ADE
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang ADE -
Subyek Benedictus Kombaitan, Prof., Ir., M.Sc., Dr.
Deskripsi Energy is considered as the lifeline of the economy and is recognized as one of the most important components for improving people’s livelihoods. The continuity of energy supply depends on the emergence of well-functioning infrastructure and networks. Energy supply interruptions may affect the normal operation of energy system as well as the economy of the city. This study aims at conducting an assessment and analysis of urban energy system specifically electricity system through integrating sustainability and resilience aspects. In this research, two cities are taken into account: Jambi city, Indonesia and Kyoto city, Japan for comparative purpose. Also, it is intended to analyze the role of renewable energy that could effectively improve the sustainability and resilience of urban energy system in Jambi city, Indonesia. This study employs indicator-based approach where criteria and sub-criteria (indicators) related to energy are selected from reviewing literatures. The assessment considers sustainability dimensions: environmental, socio-economic which are linked by institutional dimension, while resilience is represented by technical dimension. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used as the method for evaluation with the support of Super Decisions software for computation. The criteria and sub-criteria weights were established through a survey of 30 respondents consisting of academics, electric power company representatives, and local authorities. The results reveal that Kyoto city performs better than Jambi city with the overall priority of 58% compared to Jambi with 42%. To improve the sustainability and resilience level of energy system in Jambi city, some significant efforts are required. Improving the efficiency and performance of gas-fueled power plants should be done by adopting combined cycle technology, which could also lower the emission. To promote renewable energy deployment in Jambi city, the local government should set a specified and achievable target and incorporate renewable energy in municipal infrastructure. Also, the local authorities should encourage renewable energy utilization in commercial buildings and facilities. Furthermore, the local government could invest and/or collaborate with third parties in some renewable energy projects. Disseminating information regarding renewable energy and energy saving should also be carried out in order to raise the awareness of the citizens as well as to promote renewable energy. In addition, local energy data should also be improved since lack of energy data may inhibit investment. Finally, the national and provincial government should also participate in supporting renewable energy adoption in the city by establishing competitive feed-in tariff and providing support for local government to set up an energy master plan.
Effects of Modern Urbanization to the Green Spaces in Yogyakarta Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1425/T/2017 ARF
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Hiroshima University
Pengarang ARFIANSYAH, Dody -
Subyek Djoko Santoso Abi Suroso, Ir.,MSc., Ph.D
Deskripsi Green space is an important component in urban ecosystems. It has significant ecological, social, cultural, political and economic functions. Improvement of green spaces in cities and urban areas contributes to public health and increase the quality of life of inhabitants. However, the opportunities attract people to move into cities and urban areas. This condition has an impact on the urban development to meet the community needs and security. Unfortunately, the environmental consideration has not adopted in this development process in general. Consequently, it was resulted in decreasing of green spaces area. Therefore, it is important to study the green spaces change as one of the environmental factors and its driving forces in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. Yogyakarta City is located in the middle of Java Island. It lies between 07°15’24”-07°49’26” South latitude and 110°24’19”-110°28’53” East longitude. The city’s total area is about 32.5 km2. Yogyakarta City and its surrounding areas are one of the most emerging metropolitan areas in Indonesia. It has an important role in the national economy to compete on the global scale. This region is one of well-known tourist destinations in Indonesia both national and international. Furthermore, Yogyakarta is also famous as a students’ city. There are many higher educations of various level which make this region becomes one of the largest concentration of higher education activities in the country. The data used in this study consist of satellite images such as Landsat 7 ETM+ year2000, Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS year 2015, high-resolution satellite image, terrain maps, and government documents. Land-use change, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and driving forces, pressures, states, impacts and responses (DPSIR) analysis are used in this study. Land-use change analysis is used to get the total area of each land cover. NDVI analysis is commonly used for classification of green spaces. Written mathematically, the formula of NDVI is NDVI = (NIR – VIS) / (NIR + VIS). While DPSIR analysis is adapted to include an explanatory platform for understanding the complexity of environmental issues. The green spaces area reduced from 872.9 ha in 2000 to 773.2 ha in 2015 and builtup areas increased from 2,377 ha in 2000 to 2,476.8 ha in 2015. In general, builtup areas such as infrastructures, residential and commercial areas dominated the land-use change. It indicated a rapid urbanization in the city. The green spaces change in Yogyakarta City was visualized on the NDVI maps of the year 2000 and 2015. Population growth, urbanization, transportation, tourism and education influenced the decrease of green spaces area. It also gave pressures to environment, settlement, health, agriculture, industry, energy, transportation, tourism and hazardous and toxic waste. Land-use change which occurred between 2000 and 2015 led to decreased in green spaces area and harms the environment. This condition had other impacts on the loss of biodiversity, reduced environmental quality, diminished water quality and disaster. Responses to this issue had already taken by the authorities, specifically environmental rehabilitation, environmental impact analysis, law enforcement, community participation, institutional and spatial planning. In conclusion, urbanization process has occurred in Yogyakarta City and its surrounding areas. It leads to land-use change and decrease of green spaces area. The right actions must be taken to make urbanization becomes an opportunity, not as a problem for the cities and urban areas.
The Potential of Using Twitter for Urban Flood Regional Preparedness (Case Study: Bandung City, Indonesia)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1424/T/2017 ASY
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Keio University
Pengarang ASYHADI, Noor -
Subyek Djoko Santoso Abi Suroso, Ir.,MSc., Ph.D
Deskripsi Information sharing and coordination considered as critical factor in disaster management. During urban flood disasters occurred in Pagarsih street and Pasteur street assumed triggering the increase number of information sharing appeared on Twitter. This shows that citizen now much more active and reliance on Twitter at times of disaster that provides opportunities for engaging citizens in the disaster management. This research analyses flood-related conversation in Twitter stream then proposes a categorizing Twitter conversation streams and mapping the geolocated tweets that are relevant for local disaster authorities to support decision-making processes during and after natural disaster, also to see the local people preparedness on urban flood. The research found that findings on fieldwork and Twitter contextual analysis reinforce each other. Fieldwork findings show people have individual and regional flood preparedness indicated by the form of building infrastructure that can reduce the impact of flooding. Flood preparedness on Twitter data is indicated by more than 25% of the community is able to actively utilize Twitter as a medium of information sharing between communities and as a medium of coordination in flood prevention. In addition, this research also found that socialization and dissemination in disaster management is still very low. This research also informs that geolocated tweets can provide information on the effects of floods in real-time, and use the "Bandung spatial map" as a reference to indicate the location of flood events and strategic economic locations as additional material for consideration of the development of the economic area. It is recommended for the local government to increase "socialization and dissemination" to improve flood preparedness, Twitter can be one of the media to do so. To conclude, from methods and findings, there are three contributions from this study. The first contribution is in the creation of "contextual tweets" category that can be used to analyse the contents relating to urban flood disaster. The second contribution is the geolocated data from Twitter streams mapping into spatial planning map can help determine the flood location to strategic economic area. Lastly, comparing between local people perception and digital user perception on flood disaster preparedness.
Determining The Potential For Transit Oriented Development Along The MRT Jakarta Corridor
Sub Judul
Call Number 1423/T/2017 BUD
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Twente University
Pengarang BUDIATI, Weny -
Subyek Critical philosophy
Deskripsi Rapid population growth in developing cities has increased mobility of people which leads to traffic congestion problems and decreased quality of life in cities. People prefer to use private vehicles rather than public transportation to reach their destinations. Cities are developing mass public transportation systems to reduce the problems, and use transit-oriented development (TOD) concept development which coined in late 1989 by Peter Calthorpe to solve the problems. This concept can be used to reduce motorized travel because it encourages people to use mass transit and non-motorized modes instead of private vehicles. The 5 Dimension of built environment which are Density, Diversity, Design, Destination, and Distance believed can achieve ideal TOD. However, it needs good strategies learned from historical development of current condition to improve TOD development to be well TOD. In this research, we measured current TOD in 13 MRT Jakarta stations and promoted TOD development with some strategies to encourage people to use non-motorized modes. These 13 stations were divided into 3 types based on environment characteristics of the station location. The 5D of build environment was used as characteristic in this study. the most frequently used and produced Indicators of these characteristics identified from the previous TOD study. Stakeholders were involved by means of a questionnaire and interview to fit and weighting the indicators, also obtain information related to TOD development in the study area which used to support the analysis. Geographic Information System (GIS) platform was used to quantify all of spatial indicators. To compost and combine the index, Spatial Multi Criteria Analysis SMCA) was conducted for all criteria and indicators. The result of this study is TOD index for 13 MRT stations in Jakarta. The sensitivity analysis was performed to check the robustness of the result. TOD index for each station was examined to identify potential improvement strategies for the 3 types of stations classified as low level TOD. The strategies were evaluated by regulation and document planning which is currently being applied. The applied strategies defined for 5 built environment characteristics of TOD atevery type of station and has different focus for development.
A Feasibility Study on Fishery and Marine Tourism for Sustainable Development of Outermost Small Islands (A Case Study of Marore and Kawio in Indonesia)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1422/T/2017 HOL
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Miyazaki University
Pengarang HOLILUDIN -
Subyek Wilmar A. Salim, ST., M.Reg.Dev., Ph.D
Deskripsi Marore and Kawio are among the 92 outermost small islands in Indonesia that encounter problems of economic underdevelopment despite their strategic position and development potencies. The reasons for this lack of development are the small amount of inhabitants of these areas and the high budget that is required to develop the islands. Therefore, it seems that this development would not generate significant impact or revenue for the government. Skipjack tuna fishery and marine tourism can be proposed to develop these two remote islands, of which most residents are fishermen who live under poverty line. Skipjack tuna was chosen because it is a fish with major economic potential in Indonesia with a high global demand. Meanwhile, marine tourism is a prominent development instrument for small islands. However, skipjack tuna is a migratory species that prefers specific environments. Future environmental changes might affect the sustainability of skipjack tuna fishery in terms of its fishing zones as well as its production. In addition, increased marine tourism could negatively affect the area’s unique environment. Consequently, future environmental changes and the carrying capacity of marine tourism should be examined in order to achieve the sustainability of skipjack tuna fishery and marine tourism i n this area. This study used high-resolution satellite image data of sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll -a concentrations (SSC), and net primary production (NPP). Based on the trend analysis of SST, SSC and NPP obtained from 1998 to 2015, this study also assessed the change of potential fishing zones and fish biomass in the future. Furthermore, the profitability of the fish catches of skipjack tuna were estimated based on the fish biomass. This study reveals that the sea surrounding Marore and Kawio is a promising fishing zone, and the catch is estimated at 323.42 ton/year. July, in particular, is the most productive time to catch skipjack tuna due to an upwelling phenomenon, which is expected to produce 37.95 ton of this fish. Based on the projection, this area is estimated to remain a favourable skipjack tuna habitat in the future. However, due to environmental changes, the abundance of skipjack tuna in this area is projected to decline to 288.14 ton/year over the next 30 years (a 10.91% decrease from the base year). However, this trend has little influence on the maintenance cost of fisheries at these two remote islands. This profitability can serve as new fishing port maintenance and as a basis of support for fisheries, such as a financial aid to get 5GT vessels. These two outermost small islands are also prospective areas for diving marine tourism because the coral reef ecosystem surrounding these islands is generally in a good condition. Some areas are even in a very good condition. Marore consists of113.53 ha (91.9%) of suitable area and 10.03 ha (8.1%) of highly suitable while Kawio contains 96.24 ha (32.2%) of suitable area and 45.63 ha (32.2%) of highly suitable area. The marine tourism carrying capacities are 128 visitors/day for Marore and 147 visitors/day for Kawio. This is an acceptable number of divers in order to maintain the environmental sustainability of these two remote islands. The economic analysis also revealed that marine tourism is profitable to develop on these islands.
Reciprocal Effects of Conservation Area and Indigenous Enclave Area on The Local Environment: A Case Study of Ranupani Village Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1421/T/2017 SEP
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Keio University
Pengarang SEPUTRO, Lidia Tesa Vitasari -
Subyek Teti Armiati Argo, Ir., MES., Ph.D
Deskripsi Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park occupies 50,276.2 Ha with two enclave villages (Ngadas and Ranupani villages) as a home for Tengger Customary community within it. Several problems exist within this area whether regarding space, local people activities, natural disaster, or tourism activities. The interconnectivity of all aspect within local environment shows dynamic and complexity of the system. The establishment of conservation area (National Park) somehow generates unintended impacts (positive or negative) to the local community (Tengger customary community) and local environment. In order to reduce and prevent any further environmental degradation, it is necessary to understand the reciprocal effects between conservation area (Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park) and Tengger Tribe in Ranupani village on the local environment. This research was conducted using a mixed method with a mostly qualitative method to analyze the problems and current condition of the research site. Primary data was collected through interview and observation while secondary data was gathered from related institutions, study literature, and the Internet. This study shows that the local people activities are triggered by the limited access over the agricultural area, involvement of foreign agribusiness, the land inheritance scheme of Tengger Tribe, the green revolution program. The increasing needs to have a source of living that beyond the basic has changed them into modern households that need more resources to survive and somehow their activity unintentionally destroy the environment. Meanwhile, from the National Park sides, lack of coordination with related local government leads to land-use change of forest into agriculture and the land use change (zoning allocation) that accommodate tourism activities creates another problem to the environment. As the conclusion, first, environmental problems that happen in Ranupani village are encroachment/land use change from forest into agriculture, illegal logging/lack of legal access to timber forest product for heating purpose, erosion and landslide, waste problem and water supply problem. Secondly, the factors that influence the environmental problems are the resistance of local people on soil conservation technique and the increasing number of tourists. Thirdly, There is a potential for co-management that involved stakeholders. However improving communication and relationship among stakeholders is necessary in order to enhance the successfulness of the co-management. Lastly, in the case of Ranupani Village where Tengger Tribe still exist and can get benefit from forest, they also change the way they maintain or preserve the forest area, and they unintentionally destroy the environment instead.
Research On Spatial Characteristics For The Development of Fire Mitigation Principles in Kampung Ampel Cultural Heritage Area, Surabaya
Sub Judul
Call Number 1420/T/2017 HUD
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang HUDANTI, Farida -
Subyek Petrus Natalivan Indradjati, ST., MT., Dr
Deskripsi Surabaya, with total area of 326,81 km2, is considered as a highly dense area. In 2013, the population of Surabaya accounted for 3,2 millions with the density reached 9,793 people/km2. Due to the high density, Surabaya becomes vulnerable to fire. During 2005-2014, a large number of fires occurred in Surabaya accounted for 3,611 incidents with a loss of 280,475 million rupiahs (USD 21 millions). Kampung Ampel, located in Semampir sub district in Surabaya, is a part of Kota Lama Surabaya (Old City of Surabaya), which is an important Cultural Heritage Area. Kampung Ampel is famous as a kampung inhabited by many Arab ethnics for generations. During the era of Walisongo –The Nine Saints, known as the propagator of Islam in Java Island in the 15th century– Kampung Ampel was known as the center for the spread of Islam in Java. Therefore, up to now, Kampung Ampel attracts the interest of thousands of visitors from within and outside Surabaya. However, according to Surabaya Spatial Plan 2014-2034, Kampung Ampel is an area prone to fire. During the last ten years, several fire incidents occurred. These incidents potentially harm cultural heritage buildings in Kampung Ampel region. The objective of the research is to develop the principles for fire mitigation in Kampung Ampel Surabaya through: [1] identifying the current firefighting system in Surabaya; [2] identifying the characteristics and condition of cultural heritage area in Kampung Ampel Surabaya; [3] identifying structure of the problem based on the characteristics and conditions of Kampung Ampel area and the fire system of Surabaya city; [4] proposing strategies for the development of fire mitigation principles in Kampung Ampel. In order to achieve those objectives, the data to be used will be collected through field observation and interview as well as secondary data collection. The analysis method used in this research is Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis. After converting conventional/ analog maps into digital form, GIS analysis is performed to determine risks and resources of Kampung Ampel to fire hazard. Risk and resources are combined to find out the areas that have the highest risk of fire hazard. Furthermore, proposed solutions for fire risk reduction will also be presented using GIS analyses. The results of the analyses consist of challenges and possible solutions. The condition and challenges can be concluded as follow: [1] resources for firefighting cannot cover the entire area of Kampung Ampel; [2] resources for evacuation cannot accommodate all the population, including the visitors. The proposed solutions for those challenges are: [1] reactivation of inactive fire wells; [2] utilization on source of water in Ampel Mosque; [3] proposing wider road to connect roads which are wider than 3.5 meters but are blocked by narrower roads; [4] the purchase of adapters to connect different types of fire hoses; [5] adding the number of fire hoses brought to the site; [6] remodeling the vulnerable buildings to make the buildings stronger using inflammable materials with keeping the value of cultural landscape; [7] keeping portable fire pump in Ampel Mosque to speed up the fire handling by residents; and [8] preparing evacuation route to the closest open space areas. The application of those solutions can reduce the high-risk area from 26.6% to 0.2%.
Analysis of Pollutant Load On Tile Assimilative Capacity to Prevent The Coastal Pollution in Tanjungpinang Municipality, Riau Islands Province Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1419/T/2017 AS
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang AS, Zuleriwati -
Subyek Sri Maryati, ST., MIP., Dr
Deskripsi As an archipelagic country, Indonesia has a lot of coastal areas and small islands. One of them is Tanjungpinang Municipality, which is the capital city of Riau Islands Province and is located in Bintan Island. Tanjungpinang has a unique potential of economy and ecology that could support the local peoples' livelihoods. However, the high development and utilization of the coastal area can result in coastal pollution. Generally, coastal pollution is caused by the population activities. Evidently, almost all dwellings located on the shorelines discharge their wastewater directly into the sea without any treatment. Moreover, several studies already discussed about coastal pollution that happened in Tanjungpinang, however the major pollutant remains unknown. To address the coastal pollution issues, determining sea water quality status in Tanjungpinang is required. Pollutant Index (PI) is one of the most appropriate method to calculate water quality status. Then, the trend of the pollutant involved in determining the water quality status is described by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Moreover, to understand the most influential source that polluted the coastal area, evaluating the potency of pollutant load from several activities such as domestic activities, agriculture, livestock, hotel and hospital by using spatial analysis is needed. Thereafter, in order to maintain the coastal area sustainability, it is required to recognize the assimilative capacity of the seawater using spatial analysis and indirect approach. The indirect approach is obtained from a correlation graph of the pollutant load, parameter concentration, and parameter standard. Finally, two scenarios planning for coastal pollution prevention are created by combining the first third of the research objectives with the social characteristic of local people. The social characteristics are observed through a field survey and are described by the crosstabs and correlation analysis. Based on the PI calculation, the seawater quality in Tanjungpinang is considered as heavily polluted with the PI accounting for 15.401 in 2008 and 12.696 in 2017. Afterwards, the PCA result reveals that there are two principal components causing the pollution in Tanjungpinang, which are F1 or oxidation condition (consisting of DO, BOD, CN, and H2S) and F2 or domestic wastewater contaminant (consisting of TSS, NH3, and NO3). Furthermore, the result of pollutant load shows that the pollutant source in Tanjungpinang is dominated by domestic activities. Domestic activities produce 1430.358 kg/day of BOD; 1966.742 kg/day of COD and 1358.840 kg/day of TSS. Their contributions to the coastal area pollution consist of 4.986 mg/L of BOD; 6,932 mg/L of COD and 4.737 mg/L of TSS. Moreover, the assimilative capacity indicates that the parameter of NH3, PO4, and NO3 have polluted the whole coastal area. Based on the field survey in two Kelurahan (Kelurahan Tanjung Unggat and Kelurahan Penyengat), the result shows the low level of willingness to pay for improving the wastewater management in the coastal area of Tanjungpinang. Furthermore, two scenarios planning to answer those problems are proposed, which are determining the reduction target of pollutant and upgrading the sanitation system in the coastal areas. In determining the reduction target, calculation of the sea water quality, the pollutant load, and the assimilative capacity of several zones are taken into consideration. Meanwhile, upgrading the sanitation system in the coastal areas is conducted through several programs such as socialization for sanitation upgrading and wastewater management program.
The Assessment of Optium Sanitary Landfill Size and Location Site Utilizing The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Method (Case Study: South Tangerang Municipality, Banten Province, Indonesia)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1418/T/2017 RAN
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang RANGKUTI, Fethrian Syahri -
Subyek Sri Maryati, ST., MIP., Dr
Deskripsi The exponential rise in urban population of developing countries during the past few decades accelerated the urbanization phenomenon and the great need for solid waste management. This is because the increasing generated amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is based on the increasing population in developing countries has become a potential threat to both the environment and society. This fact brought awareness of the necessity to develop an effective and efficient solid waste management systems (SWMS). One of the most critical infrastructures in the SWMS is the landfill site. In South Tangerang Municipality, the existing landfill site is considered unfeasible, not only in the waste processing method which is still imposing an open dumping system resulting a high potential risk to the environment and the population, but also the location of the landfill site. Therefore, this study will evaluate the feasibility of the existing landfill site based on SNI No. 03-3241-1994, and the assessment to select a new appropriate and potential landfill site in South Tangerang Municipality which complies to the technical age, land use and other prerequisite criteria, will be in order. Furthermore, the landfill site selection in this study is conducted through two main phases, namely the regional feasibility phase and the elimination feasibility evaluation phase. The former phase is conducted by the application of Geographic Information System (GIS), while the latter is conducted by utilizing the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Method, by involving the expert’s insights and perception in the weighting process. The results of the regional feasibility evaluation to the existing landfill site based on SNI No. 03-3241-1994 indicates that the existing landfill site is not feasible, consequently a new landfill site selection is a mandatory. The new recommended sanitary landfill site, based on the projected waste generated will require a minimum of 32 Ha of land area with a technical age of 20 years, 20 m depth, providing a 100% waste service coverage of all South Tangerang municipality, and will apply the sanitary landfill system in the process. Consequently, there are 3 recommended locations that are considered qualified to be analyzed to the next phase, namely: (1) Setu – Muncul, (2) Pamulang – Pondok Cabe Udik, and (3) Serpong Utara – Pondok Jagung. As for the elimination feasibility evaluation results, there are 18 criteria(s) in assessing the best location, denoting that the most prominent factor in determining an optimum landfill site is the land ownership and the least important factor is 3R success rate. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis test has been conducted by altering the weight of each criterion by 10%, resulting that the model is considered stable, robust and have good resistance to the possibility of changing of location rank. Taking account, the results of the AHP method and sensitivity analysis in this study, determines that the location in Setu – Muncul is the most potential location to develop a sanitary landfill in South Tangerang Municipality.
A Comprehensive Study on Land Provision Using Non-Financial Compesation For Transit Oriented Development (TOD) In The Densely Built Area Case Study: Jakarta Capital City Province, Indonesia
Sub Judul
Call Number 1417/T/2017 SYA
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB & Ritsumeikan University
Pengarang SYAFAAH, Mustiannis -
Subyek Petrus Natalivan Indradjati, ST., MT., Dr
Deskripsi Jakarta as the Capital City of Indonesia has function as a center of economy and activities causing urbanization. The demands of transportation to support the human movement in their activities keep increase, which is potentially causing traffic congestion and it has to be solved immediately. One of the solution is by providing the integrated transit area. However, Jakarta has the densely built area and the system of land provision for urban development in Indonesia still has many constraints in the implementation. The regulation mentioned that to revoke the rights over land for the public purposes development have to reach 75% agreement from the residents. It is very difficult to reach the consensus, since the affected people reject the scheme of urban development project. The development is initiated by the government so it caused less public participation and public agreement. The top-down development initiated the backward of urban development. The preliminary study on MRT Jakarta project draws some perceptions that the rejection on affected people to be compensated will bring some disadvantages which results in the delays of development. Manggarai area in Jakarta Capital City Province is chosen to represents the high density of Jakarta with complicated land use and land ownership status. Based on interview using qualitative approach to the regulators, the land provision actors and project owner, also the residents to be evicted, the results show that land provision is facing difficulties in the implementation process, fairness in compensation, and resistance from residents because of insufficient planning information. To conclude, applying non-financial compensation for land provision is possible to be implemented in the in the densely built transit area by considering the clarity of land ownership status, the project and relocation schemes, also the land use of the area in order to give more fairly alternative compensations as policy recommendations.
Potensi Ekowisata Cagar Alam Nusakambangan Timur Kabupaten Cilacap Provinsi Jawa Tengah
Sub Judul
Call Number 1416/T/2017 RES
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB
Pengarang RESTANTO, Wahyono -
Subyek Arief Rosyidie, Drs., MSP., M.Arch., Ph.D., Prof
Deskripsi
Kajian Peran Wisata Kuliner Dalam Mendorong Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal di Kabupaten Garut (Studi Kasus: Kawasan Strategis Pariwisata Kabupaten (KSPK) Perkotaan Garut)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1415/T/2017 SUB
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB
Pengarang SUBAGJA, Harry -
Subyek Arief Rosyidie, Drs., MSP., M.Arch., Ph.D., Prof
Deskripsi Perkembangan wisata kuliner di Kabupaten Garut dapat menimbulkan pengaruh terhadap masyarakat, lingkungan, ekonomi dan sosial. Sektor pariwisata salah satu sektor ekonomi yang terandalkan dalam penanggulangan kemiskinan yang dioptimalkan dengan memberbesar multiplier effect dalam kesempatan kerja, peluang berusaha dan distribusi pendapatan. Tujuan penelitian yang ingin dicapai adalah melakukan kajian mengenai peran wisata kuliner dalam mendorong pengembangan ekonomi lokal di Kabupaten Garut serta kondisi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. jenis penelitan yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan penelitan kuantitatif, yang diperoleh melalui analisis tabulasi data. Sasaran penelitian diantaranya yaitu teridentifikasi nya perkembangan wisata kuliner di Kabupaten Garut dari segi jenis, sebaran, dan jumlah; teridentifikasinya peran wisata kuliner terhadap pengembangan ekonomi lokal dan teridentifikasinya kondisi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi peran wisata kuliner dalam mendorong pengembangan ekonomi lokal. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat diketahui bahwa dari segi jumlah dan sebaran wisata kuliner di Kabupaten Garut, KSPK Perkotaan Garut merupakan pusat wisata kuliner di Kab. Garut. Peran wisata kuliner dalam mengembangkan ekonomi lokal yaitu dari aspek kepemilikan adalah sangat tinggi dan dari aspek kontrol secara lokal melalui kantor pusat yang berlokasi di tingkat lokal adalah sangat tinggi. Sementara itu dalam hal penggunaan bahan baku lokal peran wisata kuliner dalam pengembangan ekonomi lokal adalah rendah. Dalam hal supply chain bahan baku komoditi pertanian melalui pembelian langsung kepada petani adalah sedang. Sedangkan penggunaan tenaga kerja lokal juga sangat tinggi, begitu pula tingkat pengisian posisi penting oleh tenaga kerja lokal dalam perusahaan adalah sangat tinggi. Kondisi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi peran wisata kuliner terhadap pengembangan ekonomi lokal, antara lain dari aspek motivasi pemilik usaha mayoritas pelaku usaha memiliki motivasi utama adalah memperoleh keuntungan ekonomi. Dari aspek kesesuaian supply dan demand bahan baku lokal dari aspek kualitas mampu memenuhi permintaan, tetapi dari aspek harga dan ketersediaan tidak mampu memenuhi permintaan karena harga yang mahal dan sulit diperoleh. Sementara itu, kesesuaian supply dan demand tenaga kerja mayoritas pemilik usaha memiliki kualtas yang tinggi atau sesuai dengan kualifikasi yang . Faktor lainnya yaitu kebijakan pemerintah, secara kebijakan sudah terdapat dasar yang jelas tetapi dalam implementasinya masih kurang dari terutama dari segi cakupan penerima bantuan program dari pemerintah.
Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kesesuaian Perizinan Advice Planning Sebagai Instrumen Pengendalian Pemanfaatan Ruang di Kawasan Perkotaan Aimas Kabupaten Sorong
Sub Judul
Call Number 1414/T/2017 SUR
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB
Pengarang SUROSO, Dwi Prastyaningsih -
Subyek Iwan Kustiwan, Ir., MT., Dr
Deskripsi Kebutuhan akan ruang yang semakin meningkat dan sebagai dampak dari lahan perkotaan yang tidak lagi mampu mengakomodir kebutuhan ruang, maka yang terjadi adalah pertumbuhan kota yang semakin tidak terkendali. Hal tersebut menjadi celah bagi terjadinya penyimpangan terhadap pemanfaatan ruang kota yang tidak lagi sesuai dengan fungsi dan aturan – aturan tata ruang yang berlaku. Untuk mengendalikan pertumbuhan kota yang semakin cepat, perizinan Advice planning diberikan sebagai langkah awal sebelum pemanfaatan ruang dilaksanakan. Tujuannya penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor – faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi kesesuaian terhadap perizinan Advice Planning. Penelitian merupakan penelitian eksplanatory dengan menggunakan metode kombinasi yaitu kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah tabulasi silang, yang mana menjelaskan hubungan kausal yang bersifat sebab akibat antara variabel independen (mempengaruhi) yaitu Kebijakan, Kelembagaan, Kinerja Pelaksanaan, Pengawasan, Partisipasi dan Pemahaman Masyarakat dengan variabel dependen (dipengaruhi) yaitu kesesuaian perizinan Advice Planning. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kesesuaian perizinan Advice Plannning dipengaruhi oleh Kelengkapan fasilitas, Transparansi informasi, Retribusi, Kepuasan terhadap pelayanan perizinan, Sosialisasi, Pemantauan, Sanksi, dan Pemahaman masyarakat terhadap tata ruang.
Kolaborasi Dalam Pelaksanaan Program Inovasi Pembangunan dan Pemberdayaan Kewilayahan (PIPPK) di Kota Bandung
Sub Judul
Call Number 1413/T/2017 TRI
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB
Pengarang TRIYATI -
Subyek Suhirman, ST., MT., Dr
Deskripsi
Keterkaitan Antara Rest Area Jalan Tol Dengan Ekonomi Lokal (Studi Kasus: Rest Area Sepanjang Jalan Tol Jakarta Hingga Brebes)
Sub Judul
Call Number 1412/T/2017 WAT
Tahun Terbit 2017
Penerbit Prodi PWK SAPPK ITB
Pengarang WATYANINGSING, Triyulisna -
Subyek Heru Purboyo Hidayat P., Ir., DEA, Dr
Deskripsi Bertambahnya pengunjung rest area terutama pada waktu-waktu tertentu seperti hari libur dan hari raya membuka peluang untuk pengusaha untuk berinvestasi membangun rest area sehingga kuantitas rest area pada saat ini semakin bertambah. Meningkatnya kuantitas rest area jalan tol berdampak pada wilayah sekitarnya termasuk berdampak pada perekonomian masyarakat disekitarnya terutama terhadap daya saing ekonomi masyarakat disekitarnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk untuk melihat keterkaitan antara Rest area Jalan Tol dan Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal. Dalam penelitian ini keterkaitan dilihat dari perubahan tingkat pendapatan, tenaga kerja, dan penggunaan lahan sebelum dan sesudah beroperasinya rest area di sepanjang jalan tol Jakarta hingga Brebes. Secara garis besar penelitian ini menggunakan metode Kuantitatif deskriptif berdasarkan survey primer dan skunder. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa adanya keterkaitan antara rest area di jalan tol dan ekonomi lokal yang dilihat dari perubahan tingkat pendapatan, tenaga kerja dan penggunaan lahan, dan keterkaitan tersebut bersifat positif namun perubahan yang terjadi tidak signifikan hal ini menandakan bahwa keberadaan rest area memiliki keterkaitan namun tidak berpengaruh banyak terhadap perekonomian local warga sekitar rest area.
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